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Home Lumber Wood Types
Wood Types

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Prunus serotina - This popular hardwood grows in the Appalachian Mountains of the northeastern U.S. It is hard, with a straight grain and fine texture. Good bending strength and shock resistance. Works well, holds great carved detail, but difficult to stain. Used for furniture, cabinetry, carving, turnery.

Quercus Rubra - This popular eastern U.S. and Canadian hardwood is moderately heavy, strong and stiff. Red Oak works well with machine tools has a naturally coarse texture when finished. Prized for furniture, cabinetry, flooring and paneling.

Quercus alba A strong, heavy U.S. and Canadian hardwood, White Oak is known for its characteristic "fleckā€° or silver grain figure when quarter sawn. Works well with machine tools. Used for furniture, cabinetry, flooring, paneling, wine barrels, and industrial handles, ladder rungs and timbers.

Acer saccharin Also known as Rock Maple or Sugar Maple, this domestic hardwood is prized for many figure variations: birds-eye, quilted, and fiddles back. Works well; ideal for furniture, food cutting surfaces, musical instruments, and industrial uses where stability and toughness are required.

Fraxinus Americana - This northern U.S. and eastern Canadian hardwood is strong and known for its elasticity. Works, glues and finishes well. Often used for cabinetry, sporting goods (baseball bats, oars), garden tool handles, and bentwood furniture. Can be susceptible to powder post beetle

SOFT MAPLE- Acer Rubrum, also known as Red Maple or Silver Maple, grows primarily in the eastern United States and Canada. It is used for furniture, cabinets, toys, and it's not as heavy or as hard as hard maple, but is often used as a substitute.

Juglans Nigra - American Black Walnut is among the most desirable hardwoods. This medium weight, attractive wood is sawn into a variety of figures, including crotch, burl and fiddle back. Works carves and turns extremely well. Prized for furniture, clock cases, gunstocks, and musical instruments.

Juglans Cincra, also known as White Walnut, has become extremely scarce in the eastern United States due to disease. Butternut is used for furniture, cabinets, paneling, millwork, and it carves very well.

Betula Alleghaniensis This popular U.S. and Canadian hardwood is strong and durable. Often rotary cut into veneers. Because of wide color variation and pronounced grain, careful selection is a must. Use care in working to prevent grain tearing. Used for furniture, cabinetry, paneling and kitchen ware.

Hickory "Pignut" or "Smoothbark Hickory" is the most common of Hickories found in the eastern United States. Hickory is very hard, durable, strong, and elastic. It is difficult to work with than most hardwoods due to its hardness and density. It is used mainly for tool handles, flooring, and cabinets

Tilia Americana - Also called Linden , this lightweight hardwood is found in the Great Lakes area of the U.S. and Canada . Works easily, holds detail well when carved, easy to laminate. Used for wood carving, moldings and millwork, as well as core and cross banding for plywood.

Liriodendron Tulipifera - Poplar grows throughout the eastern half of the U.S. It is a light weight, medium strength, and stable hardwood. Easy to work, turn and glue, Poplar is usually painted because of color variation. Used for carving, pattern making, interior finish, millwork, toys, and plywood core stock.

Red or White Oak that has been sawn so the grain runs perpendicular to the wide surface of the board producing a fleck or silver grain figure. Quarter sawn lumber has a straight grain, making it more stable than flat sawn lumber. Any species may be quarter sawn.